Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections show... Wikipedia

  • Specialty:  Infectious disease, pulmonology
  • Symptoms:  Chronic cough, fever, cough with bloody mucus, weight loss
  • Causes:  Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Risk factors:  Smoking, HIV/AIDS
  • Diagnostic method:  CXR, culture, tuberculin skin test, QuantiFERON
  • Differential diagnosis:  Pneumonia, histoplasmosis, sarcoidosis, coccidioidomycosis
  • Prevention:  Screening those at high risk, treatment of those infected, vaccination with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)
  • Treatment:  Antibiotics
  • Frequency:  25% of people (latent TB)
  • Deaths:  1.5 million (2020)
  • Data source:  DuckDuckGo