Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by reoccurring episodes of psychosis that are correlated with a general misperception of reality. Other common signs include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking and... Wikipedia

  • Symptoms:  Hallucinations, delusions, confused thinking and behavior, flat or inappropriate affect
  • Complications:  harm to self or other, social isolation, cognitive issues
  • Usual onset:  Ages 16 to 30
  • Duration:  Chronic
  • Causes:  Environmental and genetic factors
  • Risk factors:  Family history, cannabis use in adolescence, consumption of hallucinogens or amphetamines, problems during pregnancy, childhood adversity, birth in late winter or early spring, older father, being born or raised in a city
  • Diagnostic method:  Based on observed behavior, reported experiences, and reports of others familiar with the person
  • Differential diagnosis:  Substance use disorder, Huntington's disease, mood disorders (bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder), autism, borderline personality disorder, schizophreniform disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, psychotic depression, anxiety, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, sleep paralysis
  • Management:  Counseling, life skills training
  • Medication:  Antipsychotics
  • Prognosis:  20–28 years shorter life expectancy
  • Data source:  DuckDuckGo