Amateur boxing's world body will decide on Sunday whether to hold a new presidential election in a vote opponents of Russian incumbent Umar Kremlev see as critical for the sport's Olympic future.
USA Boxing executive director Mike McAtee told Reuters the International Boxing Association (IBA), already frozen out by Olympic organisers, faced an existential decision at the extraordinary congress in Armenia.
Kremlev, who this month opened a boxing facility in Moscow with Russian president Vladimir Putin, was elected unopposed in Istanbul in May after Dutch rival Boris van der Vorst was declared ineligible two days before the vote.
The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) ruled last June that van der Vorst was wrongly prevented from standing.
The agenda for Sunday includes a yes/no vote by national federations on the question 'Do you want to vote for another presidential election or not?'.
If yes, it will be Kremlev against van der Vorst.
"It will be the end of IBA if we do not have an election, considering CAS ruled that we were all wrongfully removed and Boris was wrongfully removed," McAtee told Reuters by telephone from Yerevan.
"It is my belief that if there is not an election, IBA will be permanently suspended or just removed by the IOC."
McAtee, who is an ally of van der Vorst and was also declared ineligible in May when he stood for the IBA board, said boxing could not hope to be at the 2028 Los Angeles Olympics without a change at the helm.
"The IOC, if you look at their letters, are very clear that if candidate Kremlev wins, IBA will be removed," he said.
"Without being in the Olympics it will cut funding for every national federation and impact boxing all the way down to eight year old boxers in every country in the world. That’s how important it is to our sport."
Boxing is not on the initial programme for 2028 and the International Olympic Committee is managing the Paris 2024 competition.
IBA, formerly known as AIBA, was stripped of involvement in last year's Tokyo Olympics due to governance, finance, refereeing and ethical issues.
IOC sports director Kit McConnell said this month that slow-moving reforms and IBA's financial dependence on Russian energy firm Gazprom were of grave concern.
Amid allegations of dirty tricks, USA Boxing filed a whistleblower complaint on Sept. 8 regarding a perceived attempt by an IBA employee to influence Sunday's vote in Kremlev's favou...