Can your parents get their Lasting Power of Attorney made if they have dementia? How is Advance Care Planning different from Advance Medical Directive? Before having that tough but necessary discussion, here’s what you need to know.

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Here’s food for thought: One in 10 seniors, who are aged 60 and above in Singapore, has dementia. By age 85, up to 50 per cent of elderly individuals will be affected – which means if both your parents live to that age, one of them is likely to develop dementia.

Dementia is a term that describes the decline in brain function caused by changes or damages to the brain. For instance, in Alzheimer’s disease, which is the most common type of dementia in Singapore, the brain cells are damaged by abnormal proteins. In vascular dementia, another common type of dementia, the brain cells are killed off by a series of strokes that result from blo...